Operating modes are the most basic, and essentially tell the camera whether to take
pictures or display them. Some cameras only have "on" and "off".
Operating modes can usually be found on buttons or dials on the camera body.
On/Record Picture taking mode - record. After the camera is in record mode, you
can select a shooting mode (sometimes a button labelled "power") Playback
takes a digital camera OUT of shooting mode and allows the user to view and edit
stored images. (sometimes found on shooting mode dial) Off Completly switches off
the camera, usually a button labelled "off" (sometimes a button labelled
Old fashioned cameras have one mode.. manual. Camera settings would have to be figured
out by the photographer, along with focus. Typical camera mode dial Modern cameras
can do all this automatically, but sometimes they need help. By choosing a shooting
mode you give the camera hints about what you want, and it will try to deliver.
Like riding a bicycle, operating your camera should become second nature. You should
know AT LEAST ONE camera mode well enough to take a picture without hesitation.
Of all the shooting modes, Auto/Program is probably the most useful. Most people
don't really want to learn about how a camera works, and point and shoot photography
is the perfect solution. The fully automatic (A)uto or (P)rogram mode is the default
for most modern cameras. The photographer can simply aim, press the button, and
almost be guaranteed a great image. Point and shoot photography is not second class!
Even professionals will happily switch to program mode so they can concentrate on
getting the shot instead of exposure calculations.
The camera will completely control flash and exposure. On most cameras this is labelled
"auto", on others simply "A". Some cameras only have (P)rogram.
Program automatic-assist, just point and shoot. Unlike full auto mode, you can usually
control flash and a few other camera settings.
While (P)rogram is the most important for everyday use, most cameras have dozens
more.. it's like having an assistant photographer inside your camera who tries to
figure out what you need.
Movie/Video In movie mode, Digital cameras can capture live streaming video. Macro/Close-Up
this mode used for taking close-up pictures. Party/Night longer exposures to capture
darker scenes. Usually used with flash, and some nice motion effects can be created.
Portrait To attempt to blur out the background, camera will try to use the fastest
available lens setting (aperture).
Landscape camera will attempt capture detail in foreground and background by using
high f-stop (aperture) settings.
Sports To freeze motion, camera will use the highest shutter speed possible.
Stitch For creating multi-shot panoramas, this mode will help to combine several
shots into one wide scene. Good fun.
Aperture Priority Photographer sets the aperture (f-stop) and the camera will attempt
to deliver a good exposure. Some cameras use an "A" icon instead of "Av"
Shutter Priority Photographer sets the shutter, and the camera will attempt to deliver
a good exposure. Some cameras use an "S" icon instead of "Tv"
Manual Full manual mode, the photographer must set both the shutter and the aperture.